Dr. Heather Williams is a Lecturer in the Defence Studies Department and Centre for Science and Security Studies (CSSS) at King’s College London. She is also an adjunct Research Staff Member in the Strategy, Forces, and Resources Division of the Institute for Defense Analyses in Alexandria, Virginia, where she has worked since 2008. Until January 2015, Heather was a Research Fellow on Nuclear Weapons Policy at Chatham House and led projects on the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and the Humanitarian Impacts of Nuclear Weapons Initiative. Dr. Williams completed her PhD, “Negotiated Trust: U.S.-Russia Strategic Arms Control, 1968-2010”, in the Department of War Studies at King’s College London in December 2014. She has a BA in International Relations and Russian Studies from Boston University, and an MA in Security Policy Studies from The George Washington University. Her research focuses include arms control, U.S.-Russia relations, and the impact of emerging technology on deterrence and strategic stability.