Michael Eisenstadt is a senior fellow, and director of the Military and Security Studies Program at The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. A specialist in Persian Gulf and Arab-Israeli security affairs, he has published widely on irregular and conventional warfare and nuclear weapons proliferation in the Middle East. His most recent publications include: Not by Sanctions Alone: Using Military and Other Means to Bolster Nuclear Diplomacy with Iran (The Washington Institute, 2013); Beyond Worst Case Analysis: Iran’s Likely Responses to an Israeli Preventive Strike (with Michael Knights, The Washington Institute, 2012); Nuclear Fatwa: Religion and Politics in Iran’s Proliferation Strategy (with Mehdi Khalaji, The Washington Institute, 2011); The Strategic Culture of the Islamic Republic of Iran: Operational and Policy Implications (Marine Corps University, 2011), and; Iran’s Influence in Iraq: Countering Tehran’s Whole-of-Government Approach (with Michael Knights and Ahmed Ali, The Washington Institute, 2011). Prior to joining the Institute in 1989, Mr. Eisenstadt worked as a military analyst with the U.S. government. Mr. Eisenstadt served for twenty-six years as an officer in the U.S. Army Reserve before retiring in 2010. His military service included stints in Iraq; Israel, the West Bank, and Jordan; Turkey; the Office of the Secretary of Defense; the Joint Staff, and; U.S. Central Command headquarters. In 1992, he took a leave of absence from the Institute to work on the U.S. Air Force Gulf War Air Power Survey. Mr. Eisenstadt earned an MA in Arab Studies from Georgetown University and has traveled widely in the Middle East.